The Victorian Commons wishes all its readers a very Happy New Year. We’re looking forward to another year of blogging, but in the meantime, here’s a look back over our posts from 2018.
For the first time ever, we had more than 20,000 views on our blog. Our most popular post of this year was Before the vote was won: women and politics, 1832-68, written to accompany the Vote 100 celebrations marking the centenary of women’s suffrage. We contributed a follow-up post on women and politics, 1868-1918 to the main History of Parliament blog, which also explained our involvement in the Voice & Vote exhibition. We were delighted to host a guest post by Amy Galvin-Elliott of the University of Warwick on women’s experiences of listening to Commons debates from the ‘ventilator’ before the 1834 fire. One woman who watched debates from the ventilator’s successor, the ladies’ gallery (sometimes known as the ‘cage’), was Millicent Fawcett, whose husband Henry featured in our MP of the Month series.
The History of Parliament has also been commemorating the 75th anniversary of the death of its founder, Josiah Clement Wedgwood. We marked this by choosing his great-grandfather, Josiah Wedgwood, as one of our MPs of the Month. Alongside Wedgwood, who ran his family’s pottery business, our MPs of the Month for 2018 have been an eclectic mix, reflecting the diverse range of backgrounds from which nineteenth-century parliamentarians came. Lord Hotham, a Waterloo veteran, was one of a small number of MPs who sat for the whole of our 1832-68 period. Another former army officer, George Williams, was elected for the new borough of Ashton-under-Lyne in his absence in 1832. He was a model of electoral purity, spending only nine shillings during his contest. The notorious election fixer John Fleming, by contrast, spent around £18,000 a year on his electioneering activities in Hampshire.
We have looked before at MPs who were related to each other, and this year we featured Peter Rolt and his son-in-law Charles Mare. Both were prominent shipbuilders, with Rolt responsible for HMS Warrior. In 1856 he took over the Blackwall shipbuilding works developed by Mare, who had just suffered the first of four bankruptcies. Mare had lost his seat at Plymouth in 1853 on grounds of corruption. He was not the only one of our MPs of the Month to be unseated by an election petition. Andrew Carew O’Dwyer, an Irish MP, was unseated for failing to possess the property qualification required of MPs. In an even more unusual case, John Moyer Heathcote lost his Huntingdonshire seat on petition following a double return, and his name was expunged from the parliamentary record.
The Honiton MP Joseph Locke had a notable career outside Parliament, being a prominent railway engineer who, together with Isambard Kingdom Brunel and Robert Stephenson, laid the architecture of Britain and Europe’s nineteenth-century railways. John Townsend followed an extremely varied career path, being an undertaker, auctioneer, actor and theatre manager, but was forced to quit the Commons following his bankruptcy.
The MP for South Devon, Montagu Parker, was best known for his defeat of the Whig Home Secretary, Lord John Russell, at an 1835 by-election. His letters home to his mother from Westminster provide intriguing insights into parliamentary life.
Alongside these backbenchers, our blog also featured some far more prominent political figures. Martin Spychal shared some of his research on Wellington, Disraeli and Gladstone for the BBC Radio 4 series Prime Ministers’ Props. Philip Salmon used his appearance on BBC Parliament’s Prime Properties as an opportunity to reflect on the career of Lord Derby.
We have again taken part in UK Parliament Week, for which we blogged about the Victorian House of Lords and also celebrated the 150th anniversary of the University of London’s first MP. Shifting our focus away from the Victorian era, we wrote about the 1818 general election for the main History of Parliament site, while Kathryn Rix continued her series marking the centenary of the death of every MP and former MP who died during the First World War on military service. Her research led to the discovery that an MP’s name was missing and needed to be added to the Parliamentary War Memorial. The story of Parliament’s ‘Forgotten Hero’ was featured on the BBC News and Radio 4’s Westminster Hour, when Kathryn and Gordon Marsden MP, the chair of the History of Parliament’s trustees, were interviewed about the war memorial’s new addition.
All the draft biographies and constituency articles we are preparing for the 1832-68 project can be accessed for free on our ‘preview’ site – details of how to access and cite our work can be found in these links. You can also sign up to follow our blogs via e-mail or WordPress, follow us on Twitter @TheVictCommons, or follow our colleagues @HistParl and @GeorgianLords.
We look forward to sharing more highlights from our research with you in 2019. Happy New Year!